The election year highlighted the growing problem of wealth inequality and finding ways to help the people who are falling behind.
This human urge of compassion isn't new, but the big question that remains to be addressed is why inequality is so difficult to erase. This inspired Adrian Bejan, the J. Bejan's Constructal Law addresses the fundamental principle of physics that underlies the evolution of flow systems as they change in design over time to increase flow access. It reveals that "branching tree-shaped" flow patterns govern the structure of the entire universe—most clearly evident within rivers, neural networks, lightning bolts, electrical circuitry and trees.
They demonstrate this via two architectures: river basins and the movement of freight. Bejan explains that the "emerging physical flow architecture is hierarchical on Earth's surface and found in everything that flows inside human bodies, the movement of humans and their belongings, and the engines that drive the movement. So why has wealth inequality been notoriously difficult to erase? Also recognize movement wealth as inequality that is hierarchical.A Level Physics: AQA: 2017 (Full A Level): Paper 1: Section A
This finding is "pivotal for physics, because it shows that the economics concept of wealth has a physical basis, which is measurable as work, fuel consumed, or movement effected by fuel, food, and work," he elaborated. The equivalence between wealth and movement is correct in the broadest sense: outliers exist and undoubtedly the equivalence is evolutionary because wealth and fuel use are increasing over time.
Inequality is a negative term, and perhaps isn't the best word to describe the distribution of wealth. One of the central concepts involved in Bejan and Errera's work is hierarchy, which occur when many small items and a few large ones flow together versus flowing in competition with each other.
Picture a river basin with its many small tributaries flowing together to a few large rivers—the Mississippi, Missouri and Ohio. Before becoming an engineer, Bejan was a basketball star in Romania, and from the "live flow system" of the basketball court he learned that "the ball flows through non-rigid channels that are hierarchical and constantly morphing," he said.
Constructal Theory":. Every flow architecture on Earth follows the same order, which is a natural tendency to want to flow more easily. What did they discover in terms of wealth inequality? Bejan and Errera show that nonuniform distribution of movement wealth becomes more accentuated as an economy becomes more developed—its flow architecture becomes more complex for the purpose of covering smaller and smaller interstices of the overall territory.
Physics can predict wealth inequality
As wealth in the world becomes increasingly unbalanced, Bejan's hope is that his work proposes the possibility of empowering people more uniformly to reduce the glaring disparity of wealth often on display within cities or rural areas. It's a complex design that involves the evolution of the rule of law. In other words: government and other organizations stepping in, which historically has happened," Bejan said.
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Home Physics General Physics. March 28, Section -1 [40 Marks] Attempt all questions from this Section. Question 1. Draw a neat labelled diagram showing the forces acting on the brass ball and the cotton thread. How is the magnitude of gravitational force between them affected? This is because. Question 2. Find the specific heat capacity of the solidfSpecific heat capacity of water — 4.
Its SI unit is J kg -1 K Question 3. Assuming that the speed of sound in air is ms -1 for all frequencies, calculate the wavelengths corresponding to the given extreme frequencies of the audible range.
In how much time the radar will be able to detect the plane? Question 4. Calculate the power of the bulb and the potential difference at its end. Question 5. Another boy uses a single movable pulley to lift the same load to the same height. Compare the effort applied by them. Give a reason to support your answer. Answers : a Let the weight of the half-meter scale be W. To balance the half-metre scale at 29 cm mark, the 20 gf weight should be suspended from the 50 cm end as shown.
Thus, it has a mechanical advantage 1. Question 6. Which material will you select? Justify your answer. Specific heat capacity of calorimeter 0. Name the radiation X. Question 7. The diagram is as shown. Question 8. Calculate the length of a similar wire under similar tension, which will have frequency Hz.
Question 9. As a result heat losses I 2 R decreases. Question State any two ways  Answers : a i Electrons. You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes. This time is to be spent in reading the Question Paper. The time given at the head of this Paper is the time allowed for writing the answers.December 8, Aalto University doctoral student Juska Pekkanen is part of a group working with the highest collision energies ever achieved.
The work at the CERN research centre in Switzerland became widely known when the Nobel-prize-winning discovery of the Higgs boson completed the standard model of particle physics. What Pekkanen and thousands of other physicists at CERN do now, is explore phenomena that fall beyond the current understanding of the sub-atomic world.
For instance, only 15 per cent of the mass of the entire universe can be accounted for now with normal visible matter, the rest is dark matter of which there's very little knowledge. An equally shrouded mystery is dark energy that makes the universe expand and pushes celestial bodies away from each other. One way to do this, is to make protons — the nuclei of hydrogen atoms — collide at tremendously high speeds and energies, and study what comes out of the crashes.
Pekkanen and his colleagues have focused on particle bursts called 'jets' that are born when protons collide. These events could contain faint signs of completely new particles.
Virtually every collision produces jets, or bursts of tens of particles that consist of quarks and gluons. Researchers count the total energy in the jets and measure how their energy is carried by different kinds of particles.
The more accurate we get with our measurements, the easier it becomes to discover new particles," says Pekkanen. The thousands of signals that some of the millions of sensors pick up have to be sorted with complex algorithms. By recreating the events with computer simulations, the sensors can be fine-tuned. Jets could, according to Pekkanen, also be key in finding new massive particles.
He has focused on events where a collision of particles produces two jets that burst into opposite directions. We analyse billions of these collisions and see if we spot any abnormalities that could be a sign of revolutionary new particle," explains Pekkanen.
The study makes use of the highest energy level ever achieved in the Large Hadron Collider: 13 teraelectronvolts. For a single proton that's quite a lot, roughly the kinetic energy of a mosquito flying. Count all the proton energies together: enough to fly a jumbo jet.
The experiments will continue: By the end ofthe physicists expect to collect up to ten times more data. This means there's a need for designing the next generation of hadron colliders and detectors to reach even higher energies — and hopefully long-awaited new physics. More from Other Physics Topics.
Your feedback will go directly to Science X editors. Thank you for taking your time to send in your valued opinion to Science X editors. You can be assured our editors closely monitor every feedback sent and will take appropriate actions. Your opinions are important to us. We do not guarantee individual replies due to extremely high volume of correspondence. E-mail the story What's physics after the Higgs boson? Learn more Your name Note Your email address is used only to let the recipient know who sent the email.
Neither your address nor the recipient's address will be used for any other purpose. The information you enter will appear in your e-mail message and is not retained by Phys.The waves, which were predicted by Albert Einstein a hundred years ago, came from a collision between two black holes.
It took 1. The signal was extremely weak when it reached Earth, but is already promising a revolution in astrophysics. Gravitational waves are an entirely new way of observing the most violent events in space and testing the limits of our knowledge. LIGO, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatoryis a collaborative project with over one thousand researchers from more than twenty countries.
Together, they have realised a vision that is almost fifty years old. Pioneers Rainer Weiss and Kip S. Thornetogether with Barry C.
Barishthe scientist and leader who brought the project to completion, ensured that four decades of effort led to gravitational waves finally being observed. In the mids, Rainer Weiss had already analysed possible sources of background noise that would disturb measurements, and had also designed a detector, a laser-based interferometer, which would overcome this noise.
Early on, both Kip Thorne and Rainer Weiss were firmly convinced that gravitational waves could be detected and bring about a revolution in our knowledge of the universe.
Gravitational waves spread at the speed of light, filling the universe, as Albert Einstein described in his general theory of relativity.
They are always created when a mass accelerates, like when an ice-skater pirouettes or a pair of black holes rotate around each other. Einstein was convinced it would never be possible to measure them. So far all sorts of electromagnetic radiation and particles, such as cosmic rays or neutrinos, have been used to explore the universe. However, gravitational waves are direct testimony to disruptions in spacetime itself. This is something completely new and different, opening up unseen worlds.
A wealth of discoveries awaits those who succeed in capturing the waves and interpreting their message. Popular Science Background Pdf 1. Scientific Background Pdf 2. Rainer Weissborn in Berlin, Germany. Barry C. Kip S. Prize amount: 9 million Swedish krona. Further information: www. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, founded inis an independent organisation whose overall objective is to promote the sciences and strengthen their influence in society.
The Academy takes special responsibility for the natural sciences and mathematics, but endeavours to promote the exchange of ideas between various disciplines. Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page.
IGCSE Physics 2017 Past Papers
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Economic Sciences.The mission of the U. Physics Team Program is to promote and demonstrate academic excellence through preparation for and participation in the International Physics Olympiad.
Photos of the Team and camp are available on Flickr. Additional individuals may be invited to sit the exam based on other criteria, even though they did not make the published cut-off score.
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Because of the nature of the training program, members of the U. Physics Team can participate in the program at most twice. Slideshow of U. Physics Team training camp photos. Physics Team. Physics Olympiad Medal Ranking List. Physics Team Members and bios will be posted soon. Because of ongoing challenges in keeping the content of the USAPhO exam secure throughout an extended examination period, it is necessary to change the ten-day examination window to a single day.
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If this is the case, send a message to AAPT, and an alternate exam location could be suggested. Physics Team Meet the U.News Local News N. Nick Chubb (27) and his top-ranked Georgia Bulldogs visit the No. Three top 10 matchups are on the slate along with four other top 25 matchups as Week 11 of the 2017 season promises to shake up the College Football Playoff rankings next week.
Top-ranked Georgia visits No. Those other top 25 matchups also are intriguing: No. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Oregon Live LLC.
College football Week 11 predictions Three top educational research matchups are on the slate along with four other top 25 matchups as Week 11 of the 2017 season promises to shake up the College Football Playoff rankings next week.
The Argentine side were never truly in difficulty in this tournament, and against the side that won the title against them in the previous edition they will want to prove that was just a mistake.
We are betting on Vargas and Sanchez to explode the Colombian defense and see their side through to the final. However, the team that tripped up Brazil in their Copa America opener (0-0) can count on their defensive qualities to hold their own in the contest. Yet it might take more than this combination to get past a Columbian side well seasoned to international competitions. If their recent results and form on the pitch are anything to go by, it stands to reason that their quarter final should see them dispose with ease of a valiant but technically limited Venezualan side.
Their last two wins (3-0 and 5-0) showed the offensive potential of the team and reassured on its ability to keep a clean sheet. Based on their recent record, Mexico advance into this quarter final with more confidence than their opponents.
Yet it is hard to imagine a team like like Chile not pulling itself together 3 games from a continental final. The title holders have the squad to make it to the end, its just a matter of when they realize their potential on the field.
Do you want to see the action unfold live. For more information, please refer to our Legal Mentions page. Find the betting preview, predictions and tips for all of the 2016 Copa America fixtures below: Betting on the Final: CurrentFinal: Argentina vs. The Eagles head into their Week 13 game against the Seahawks as the biggest road favorite to play in Seattle since the Baltimore Ravens were 6.
Despite the near-touchdown spread, this week has seen the most people picking against the Eagles since they went into Carolina in Week 6 as a three-point underdog, a game they won by five points. By comparison, the Birds were also six-point favorites the last time they played on the road (Week 11 at Dallas), and almost nobody outside of Cowboys fans was picking against them. With a win, the Birds will win 10 straight in a single season for the first time in franchise history.
The question is, will they. You can check that out, here. This is not the same Seahawks team you remember over the last five years.
The Seahawks can no longer bulldoze defenses with Marshawn Lynch, and they're missing both Richard Sherman and Kam Chancellor on the back end defensively.
I think this is the next in line of teams that gets exposed by a superior Eagles roster.
2017 A/L Physics Paper | Sinhala Medium
Full disclosure: I do not enjoy watching the Eagles try to handle Russell Wilson. Without Richard Sherman, I think the Seahawks are vulnerable enough for the Eagles to take down. They lost to the dang Redskins, guys. These are the games they brought Jay Ajayi in for. Expect Doug Pederson to go to Ajayi and Blount early and often, and for Philadelphia to grind out a tough victory.
I'm not going to spend a lot of time with analysis here, because the more I think about this game, the closer I come to second-guessing my prediction. It's just one of those games. The last time I felt like this was Week 6 against the Panthers.
I picked a 27-23 Eagles' win then too, and they won 28-23. Also, the Redskins won in Seattle just a few weeks ago and, I mean, did you watch that game on Thursday night.Lonely and just want to chat. Select from one of these options to get in touch with us: A video documents that The Simpsons anticipated in 2000 how Donald Trump would announce his presidential candidacy in 2015. See Example( s )In August 2015, a video claiming that episodes of the Fox animated series The Simpsons had made some eerily accurate predictions about future events began circulating via social media.
Most notable among those predictions was a clip purportedly taken from a 2000 episode that showed business magnate Donald Trump announcing his candidacy for President of the United States:I want people to realize the synchronicity here and all the connections. This was put out in 2000. Now this is happening. While the above-displayed video touches on a wide variety of Simpsons related conspiracy theories, the main issue was highlighted in September 2015 with a photograph one that not only documented that The Simpsons had depicted Donald Trump running for President back in 2000, but that they did so by showing him in a setting and pose (riding an escalator while waving to supporters and onlookers) identical to one he would assume fifteen years later:The images from The Simpsons shown on the left-hand side of the above-displayed graphic did not originate in 2000, however.
Burns and a dog kneeling in front of an electoral map is real, but it has little to do with Donald Trump it was taken from a 2012 clip in which the greedy billionaire of Springfield endorsed Republican candidate Mitt Romney:Furthermore, this Simpsons screenshot is being compared to an electoral map that does not match the genuine map of the 2016 presidential election.
Updated Allegations of a "quid pro quo" deal giving Russia ownership of one-fifth of U. Updated A rumor that Starbucks refused free product to Marines serving in Iraq, saying the company didn't support the war or anyone taking part in it, is both old and false.
Updated Rumors that service station customers are getting stuck by HIV-loaded syringes affixed to gas pump handles are a hoax. We are experiencing some issues with our feedback form.
We are experiencing some issues with our forms. Our development team is working on a solution. Select from one of these options to get in touch with us: Submit a Rumor Website Feedback Advertising Inquiry cancel 28K Fact Check Entertainment 28K CLAIM A video documents that The Simpsons anticipated in 2000 how Donald Trump would announce his presidential candidacy in 2015.
See Example( s ) EXAMPLES Collected via e-mail, September 2015 Did the Simpsons actually air an episode predicting Donald Trump's presidential campaign kickoff fifteen (15) years ago. Snopes Delivered to Your Inbox: FeedbackGet Daily Updates From Snopes. Does Hopper work in my country. My trip isn't for a while. Can Hopper predict prices for me yet. Prices changed for a trip I'm watching.