This page articulates the languages spoken in Somalia. The endoglossic language of Somalia has always been the Somali language, although throughout Somalia's history various exoglossic languages have also been effectuated at a national level. Somali is the official language of Somalia and as the mother tongue of the Somali peopleis also its endoglossic language.

As ofthere were approximately It is spoken as an adoptive language by a few ethnic minority groups in these regions.

somalia language

Benaadir also known as Coastal Somali is spoken on the Benadir coast from Cadaley to south of Mercaincluding Mogadishuas well as in the immediate hinterland. The coastal dialects have additional phonemes which do not exist in Standard Somali. The Somali language is regulated by the Regional Somali Language Academyan intergovernmental institution established in June by the governments of Djibouti, Somalia and Ethiopia. It is officially mandated with preserving the Somali language.

It was originally developed by a Somali man educated in a Somali deaf school in WajirKenya. Inhe obituaries last 7 days the first school for the deaf in the city of BoramaSomalia.

During the midth century, much of the northern Horn, stretching from the hinterlands of the Gulf of Tadjoura up the northeastern coast of Somalia functioned under a single polity called the Adal Sultanate.

The amalgamation of this region meant that both languages were mutually spoken in one another's regions. Other minority languages include Bravanese also known as Chimwiini or Chimbalazia variant of the Bantu Swahili language that is spoken along the southern coast by the Bravanese people. Kibajuni is a Swahili dialect that is the mother tongue of the Bajuni ethnic minority group.

Additionally, a number of Bantus speak Mushunguli as a mother tongue. InSomalia claimed that the island of Socotrawherein Soqotri is spoken, should be instilled as part of its sovereignty, argueing that the archipelago is situated nearer to the African coast than to the Arabian coast. In addition to Somali, Arabicwhich is also an Afro-Asiatic tongue, is an official language in Somalia, although as a non-indigenous language, it is considered exoglossic.

Af-Somali's main lexical borrowings come from Arabic. Soravia noted a total of 1, Arabic loanwords in Agostini a. Most of the vocabulary terms consisted of commonly used nouns and a few words that Zaborski observed in the older literature were absent in Agostini's later work.

This can be attributed to each having a separate developments from the primitive Afro-Asiatic language as well as a sea separating the speakers of the two languages. Furthermore, Mr Bruce, an 18th-century voyager of the Horn of Africa, was reported by author George Annesley to have described Somalis as an Arabophobic race which had disdain for Arabs writing "an Arab, a nation whom they detest". Due to the close distance between Somalia and Socotra, there has always been extensive relations between the two peoples particularly with the nearby region of Puntland which is the nearest mainland shore to Socotra.

These interactions between Puntites and Soqotris include instances of aid during shipwrecks on either coasts, trade as well as the exchange of cultural facets and trade.

These interactions have also meant that some inhabitants of localities of the nearest linear proximity such as Bereeda and Alula have become bilingual at both the Soqotri and Somali languages. Italian was the main official language in Italian Somalilandalthough following its acquisition of Jubaland inthe Jubaland region maintained English at a semi-official status for several years thereafter.

Italian was later declared an official language again by the Transitional Federal Government along with English in Italian is a legacy of the Italian colonial period of Somalia when it was part of the Italian Empire. Italian was the mother tongue of the Italian settlers of Somalia.

Although it was the primary language since colonial ruleItalian continued to be used among the country's ruling elite even after independence when it continued to remain as an official language. After a military coup inall foreign entities were nationalized by Siad Barre who spoke Italian fluentlyincluding Mogadishu 's principal university, which was renamed 'Jaamacadda Ummadda Soomaliyeed' Somali National University. This marked the initial decline of the use of Italian in Somalia.

However, Italian is still widely spoken by the elderly, the educated, and by the governmental officials of Somalia. Prior to the Somali civil warMogadishu still had an Italian-language school, but was later destroyed by the conflict. English is widely taught in schools. It used to be a working language in the British Somali Coast Protectorate in the north of the country.

Outside of the north, the Jubaland region has had the lengthiest period whereby English was an official language as the British empire began administering from the s.Colloquial Somali: The Complete Course for Beginners has been carefully developed by an experienced teacher to provide a step-by-step course to Somali as it is written and spoken today.

Combining a clear, practical and accessible style with a methodical and thorough treatment of the language, it equips learners with the essential skills needed to communicate confidently and effectively in Somali in a broad range of situations. No prior knowledge of the language is required.

Colloquial Somali is exceptional; each unit presents a wealth of grammatical points that are reinforced with a wide range of exercises for regular practice. A full answer key, a grammar summary, bilingual glossaries and English translations of dialogues can be found at the back as well as useful vocabulary lists throughout. Somalia is not the destination that you want to choose for your next vacation right now, but if you can keep the faith that foreigners can cross the border again one day, you will want to be prepared.

Learning Somali will get you one step closer to entering Somalia, where you can begin to explore the beauty that has been forgotten over the last couple of decades. Somali is also spoken in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Djibouti, so you never know when you may need to show your skills and speak the language of the locals.

Right now, there are more than sixteen and a half million people that speak Somali, and with the civil war that has been taking place, it is almost guaranteed that you will hear this language in many of the nearby countries. The reason for this is that some people were able to escape Somalia during the war and now they have made their homes in other parts of the world.

Learning about the culture in Somalia, as well as the war, is much easier once you know the language.

Languages of Somalia

You will not lose anything within the translation, and you can instantly see where this country is hoping to head in the future. While Somali will not help you in many areas of your life now, there is an excellent chance that you will be using this language much more than you think in a few years. This Beginners book in English and Somali is intended for use as a tool for beginners learning Somali.

This book will enable the learner to easily master the basic conversations, words and sentence structures in the Somali language. The book is divided into categories covering most of the basic vocabulary we use in our daily activities. This facilitates understanding and makes it easy for the learner to find specific words and related expressions. A dictionary of Somali verbs in everyday contexts The Somali-English dictionary of verbs is the first of its kind for learners of Somali as a second language.

It contains more than verbs used in Somali sentences with English translations. The dictionary has been compiled in learner-friendly format to help the students learn to speak Somali fast. This is a new and fully updated edition of the dictionary, offers over pages of definitions. It covers all the words you need for everyday use in Somali language; The author has also made the definitions clearer than before.

This portable and affordable dictionary is perfect for general reference and student of the language. The vocabularies have been carefully compiled to embrace all words in current use, including many scientific and technical terms which have become a part of the English and Somali languages as spoken or written today. Highlighting more complex concepts that go beyond colors and numbers, titles in the series feature animals, fruit, home, and vegetables.

This collection combines photographs, bright illustrations, and dual-language words in clear, bold text. Buy Now. Why is Somali an important language to learn? Learn to speak Somali.The longest history of the Somali people dates back to years ago in form of paintings seen on Laas Gall Complex. In antiquity, Somali and its people played an important part in international trade being located juts hundreds of kilometres into the Arabian Sea, the Indian Ocean and lying along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden.

somalia language

Somalis have however been misunderstood mainly because they are extensively spread over the neighbouring countries and the entire Horn of Africa. Here are all the facts about Somali People, Language and Culture.

They are mainly of Arabic group and occupy the Horn of Africa countries. It is estimated there are between million Somalis living in the Horn of Africa.

About 8. A significant number also lives in the Middle East and abroad. The Somali people share a lot in common such as language and faith. Somalis are reported to have started appearing in the region at around AD and started moving southwards due to expansion.

They were greatly influenced by the Arabic traders moving along the coast of the Horn of Africa and East Africa. Somalis are categorized into ethnic groups which in turn play important parts in politics and culture. However, the differences are not easily realizable or explicit as it is in neighbouring Kenya or even Rwanda. The clan structure that has always determined the political orientation of the country categorizes the groups into two. The Somali culture is a rich amalgamation of traditions that have developed over time independently.

The culture has also been influenced by civilization in Egypt, India, the Arabian Peninsula and even Asia. The main components of culture strongly reflected in their way of life. The Somalis are warriors and mainly involved in the nomadic lifestyle. They keep camels, donkeys, cows and goats while moving from one area to another looking for pastures.

They put up temporary shelters as they move from one area to another. Some Somali clans have a history of pottery, wood carvings and architecture. This is evident in many festivals, martial arts, dressings and sports. Many Somalis in emerging Somalia are seemingly modern and strongly influenced by the western lifestyles especially evident in neighbouring Kenya. Music is an important part of the Somali culture. Many Somalis music are pentatonic which makes their music to easily be mistaken with sounds from neighbouring countries such as Eritrea, Arabia and Ethiopia.

The local musicians have however realized their rich uniqueness and are now selling and creating awareness about the Somalis globally with bands and artists such as Waayaha Cusub and Mooige Mohammed. Music from these artists and bands talk mainly about the Somali people and their way of life. Somalis speak the Somali which is one of the Afro-Asiatic languages. Somali language is extensive and spoken by all countries in the horn of Africa and globally distributed communities.

Though the language is mainly considered as Somali, it has three divisions which have minor differences. The first division is standard Somali which is spoken by Northern-Central Somalis. The second division is Northern Somali spoken by Somalis residing in the upper end of the country and those living in Ethiopia and North Eastern parts of Kenya.

The last division is coastal Somali spoken by Somalis of Mogadishu, Adale and Benadir and other coastal regions of the country. The coastal Somali language consists of additional phonemes that are absent in standard Somali.Somali is the official language of Somalia. It is spoken by the Somali people, the largest ethnic group living in the country. The Somali language is an Afro-Asiatic language that belongs to the Cushitic branch of languages.

English to Somali Translation

The Saho and the Afar languages are its closest relatives. As ofSomalia houses about 8. There are three main dialect groups of the Somali language. Northern Somali is the closest to Standard Somali. The Maay dialect group of Somali is spoken by the Mirifle and Digil clans in parts of southern Somalia. Arabic is also one of the official national languages spoken in Somalia.

The language is spoken by many Somalis. The importance of the Arabic language in Somalia is due to the age-old cultural and ethnic connections between the Arab world and the Somalis. Since Islam is the dominant language of Somalia, Arabic also occupies a major role in religious studies conducted in the country. The Somali languages also use lexical borrowings from Arabic. There are about 1, Arabic loanwords in a major Somali dictionary. English is the most popular foreign language in Somalia.

It is taught in many schools across the country. Although Italian was the official language spoken in Italian Somaliland, after the independence of Somalia, the use of the Italian language in the country has greatly decreased.

These people live mainly in Barawa, in the southern coast of Somalia. Also known as Bajuni, the language is spoken by the Bajuni people living in southern Somalia. The language is a variety of Swahili. The language is spoken by about 23, members of the Bantu ethnic group living in southern Somalia.

The Largest Cities in Canada. The Major Religions In India. Countries With the Highest Population Growth.It is spoken as a mother tongue by Somalis in Greater Somalia and the Somali diaspora. Somali is an official language of Somalia and Somaliland[7] a national language in Djiboutiand a working language in the Somali Region of Ethiopia and also in North Eastern Kenya.

It is used as an adoptive language by a few neighboring ethnic minority groups and individuals. The Somali language is written officially with the Latin alphabet.

Somali is classified within the Cushitic branch of the Afroasiatic family; specifically, as Lowland East Cushitic along with Afar and Saho. It is also spoken as an adoptive language by a few ethnic minority groups and individuals in these areas.

Somali is the second most widely spoken Cushitic language after Oromo. As ofthere were approximately Following the start of the Somali Civil War in the early s, the Somali-speaking diaspora increased in size, with newer Somali speech communities forming in parts of the Middle EastNorth America and Europe. Constitutionally, Somali and Arabic are the two official languages of Somalia. Somali was thereafter established as the main language of academic instruction in forms 1 through 4following preparatory work by the government-appointed Somali Language Committee.

It later expanded to include all 12 forms in Inthe SRC adopted a Latin orthography as the official national alphabet over several other writing scripts that were then in use. Concurrently, the Italian -language daily newspaper Stella d'Ottobre "The October Star" was nationalized, renamed to Xiddigta Oktoobarand began publishing in Somali.

Somali is recognized as an official working language in the Somali Region of Ethiopia. Somali is used in television and radio broadcasts, [10] [18] with the government-operated Radio Djibouti transmitting programs in the language from onwards. Afsoomali is spoken in North Eastern Kenya [19].

The Somali language is regulated by the Regional Somali Language Academyan intergovernmental institution established in June in Djibouti City by the governments of Djibouti, Somalia and Ethiopia. It is officially mandated with preserving the Somali language.

somalia language

As ofSomali is also one of the featured languages available on Google Translate. Somali linguistic varieties are broadly divided into three main groups: AfsoomaliBenadir and Maay. Benadir also known as Coastal Somali is spoken on the central Indian Ocean seaboard, including Mogadishu. It forms a relatively smaller group. The dialect is fairly mutually intelligible with Northern Somali. Now there are other languages that are spoken in Somalia which are not necessarily Afsoomali.

They may be a mixture of the Somali Languages and other indigenous Languages. However, Maay speakers often use Standard Somali as a lingua franca, [26] which is learned via mass communications, internal migration and urbanization. Maay is not closely related with the Somali language in sentence structure and phonology is spoken by JidduDabarreGarre and Tunni varieties that are also spoken by smaller Rahanweyn communities. Collectively, these languages present similarities with Oromo that are not found in mainstream Somali.

Although in the past frequently classified as dialects of Somali, more recent research by the linguist Mohamed Diriye Abdullahi has shown that these varieties, including Maay, constitute separate Cushitic languages.

Somali has 22 consonant phonemes. The language has five basic vowels. Each has a front and back variation as well as long or short versions. This gives a distinct 20 pure vowel sounds.Serbian Lat. Serbian Cyr. Translate English to Somali. Auto Spell Decode Dictionary. Back translation. Translation powered by Google, Bing and other translation engines. Online Translation. Additionally, it can also translate English into over other languages. Decided to travel the world?

You would definitely need the ability to communicate in foreign languages to understand the mind and context of that other culture. English to Somali translation service by ImTranslator will assist you in getting an instant translation of words, phrases and texts from English to Somali and other languages. English to Somali Translation provides the most convenient access to online translation service powered by various machine translation engines.

English to Somali Translation tool includes online translation service, English text-to-speech service, English spell checking tool, on-screen keyboard for major languages, back translation, email client and much more.

The most convenient translation environment ever created. Languages Available for TranslationIts is closest relative is Oromo. Somali is spoken by 6. It is also spoken in EthiopiaDjiboutiand Kenya.

The total number of Somali speakers worldwide is estimated at close to 15 million Ethnologue. The figure actually may be somewhat higher. It is difficult to collect reliable dataabout the numerous expatriate Somali communities around the world. In Somalia, Somali is spoken by most of the people in the country.

It is used in education, administration and the media. It is taught as a subject and used as a medium of instruction in the primary schools and as a subject in secondary schools. There are many radio and TV stations around the world that broadcast some of their programs in Somali.

Somali shares many features with other Cushitic languages. For instance, Somali syllables typically end in a vowel or a single consonant, consonant clusters do not occur in the beginning or at the end of words, and roots usually consist of one or two syllables. Somali has five vowel phonemes, i. The number of vowel phonemes can differ somewhat from dialect to dialect. The vowels can be short or long. Vowel length makes a difference in word meaning.

somalia language

In the table below, long vowels are marked by a macron over the vowel. In the orthography, long vowels are represented by a double vowel, e.

In addition to short and long vowels, Somali has numerous diphthongs. Somali has 24 consonants. These sounds occur only in borrowed words.


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